Arizona               

Phoenix:

The City of Phoenix requires that solely battery-operated smoke alarms be replaced with smoke alarms with 10-year sealed lithium batteries once existing alarms expire. This amendment affects only existing dwelling units that are allowed to have solely battery-operated smoke alarms, which limits the scope of this regulation to single-family homes and apartment units built prior to 1998 in the City of Phoenix.

Effective date: April 2014

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction in local jurisdictions that have adopted IRC 2009. Code adoptions occur at the local level in Arizona.


California               

All smoke alarms solely powered by a battery are required to feature a non-replaceable, non-removable battery that is capable of powering the smoke alarm for a minimum of 10 years.

Effective date: July 2014

Smoke

Smoke alarms are required in all residential settings. Hard-wired alarms are required in all new residential construction. Alarms are widely required in all bedrooms and hallways, on every level of the home.

 

Florida               

Solely battery-operated smoke alarms must be powered by 10-year sealed batteries. State law allows 10-year battery-powered smoke alarms to replace hard-wired alarms in Level 1 renovations. Wirelessly interconnected and multi-sensor alarms are exempted from this battery requirement.

Effective date: January 2015

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction.


Georgia               

Battery-operated smoke alarms installed in residential multi-family dwellings built before 1987 must be replaced with 10-year sealed battery smoke alarms under these conditions: if the smoke alarm is older than 10 years, needs to be replaced for any reason, does not include a date of manufacture or the dwelling’s owners cannot prove that they have a program in place to test and maintain smoke alarms and replace batteries. This requirement excludes one- and two-family homes and townhomes.

Effective date: January 2014

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction.


Illinois               

Solely battery-powered smoke alarms are required to be powered by a non-replaceable, non-removable 10-year battery. Battery-operated smoke alarms that use low-power radio frequency wireless communication signals, Wi-Fi or other Wireless Local Area Networking capability are exempt from this new requirement. The law exempts any dwelling units and hotels within municipalities with a population greater than 1,000,000 inhabitants.

Effective date: January 1, 2023

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction.


Indiana               

Indianapolis-Marion County:

In new construction, smoke alarms must be installed in each sleeping room and be arranged so that operation of any smoke alarm causes all smoke alarms to sound. If the alarm is solely powered by a battery, the battery must be non-removable, non-replaceable and capable of powering the alarm for a minimum of 10 years. Battery-operated alarms connected to a panel or using low-power wireless communication signals are exempt from this battery requirement.

Effective date: August 2014

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction.


Kentucky               

Louisville-Jefferson County:

Upon sale, single- and multi-family dwellings must have a hard-wired smoke alarm or a 10-year sealed battery smoke alarm.

Effective date: April 2014

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction.


Louisiana               

All existing one- and two-family dwellings must contain, at a minimum, an operable 10-year sealed lithium battery smoke detector at the time of lease or sale. The law does not pertain to newer homes built or remodeled after 1992 that are required, by law, to feature a hardwired alarm in each sleeping area and in the hallway of each floor.

Effective date: January 2011

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction.


Massachusetts                         

The Massachusetts Comprehensive Fire Safety Code requires the installation of hardwired photoelectric smoke alarms or 10-year battery photoelectric smoke alarms in homes built or modified before 1975 prior to sale. The code exempts photoelectric battery-operated smoke alarms that use low-power radio frequency wireless communication signals, Wi-Fi or other Wireless Local Area Networking capability.

Effective date: December 2016

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction. Combination devices with two or more technologies that are incorporated into one unit shall have simulated voice and tone alarm features which clearly distinguishes between two or more events such as carbon monoxide and smoke.


Maryland               

Rental occupancies where battery-operated smoke alarms are permitted (homes constructed before 1975, lodging or rooming houses, hotels, dormitories and apartment buildings) are required to have sealed, tamper-resistant alarms that include a silence/hush feature and long-life batteries upon a change in tenancy.

Effective date: July 2013

Smoke

Smoke alarms in one- and two-family dwellings constructed before July 1, 1975, must be AC-powered or battery-powered, provided the battery is in a sealed, tamper-resistant chamber and includes a silence/hush feature and long-life batteries.

Effective date: January 2018

Baltimore and Baltimore County:

Rental Licensing Regulations require hard-wired smoke detectors with battery backup to be installed in corridors outside of sleeping areas in all dwellings containing six of fewer rental units.

Effective date: January 2008

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction.


North Carolina               

North Carolina’s Landlord-Tenant law requires landlords to install 10-year battery smoke alarms when installing or replacing smoke alarms in tenant properties. The law excludes hard-wired smoke alarms, as well as combination smoke/CO alarms.

Effective date: January 2013

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction.


New York               

Solely battery-powered smoke alarms must feature sealed, 10-year batteries. Alarms which receive their power from the electrical system of the building, fire alarm systems with smoke detectors, fire alarm devices that connect to a panel, or other devices that use a low-power radio frequency wireless communication signal are exempt.

Effective date: April 1, 2019

New York City:

All battery-operated smoke alarms must feature a non-removable, non-replaceable battery that powers the alarm for a minimum of 10 years. Alarms must emit an audible end-of-life signal notifying consumers at the expiration of the useful life of the alarm. This requirement applies to pre-1982 buildings that were/are not required to have hard-wired alarms.

Effective date: April 2014

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction.


Ohio                         

Cleveland:

All battery-operated smoke detectors must be replaced with 10-year battery models upon their expiration. The requirement applies to both new and existing homes.

Effective date: May 2015

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction.


Oregon               

All solely battery-operated ionization smoke alarms sold in the state must be packaged with a 10-year battery. All ionization smoke alarms must feature a hush mechanism that allows a person to temporarily disengage the alarm for a period of not more than 15 minutes.

Effective date: 1998

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction.


Pennsylvania               

Philadelphia:

Local law requires that solely battery-powered smoke alarms feature 10-year sealed batteries. One- and two-family dwellings built on or after January 1, 1988, and apartment dwelling units are not affected, as those dwellings are required to have hard-wired smoke alarms.

Effective date: January 2013

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction.


Texas          

Houston:

Single-station battery-operated smoke alarms must be replaced with 10-year battery alarms upon their expiration and replacement. The law includes exemptions for additional smoke alarms that are installed beyond the building’s current requirements, as well as alarms connected to a fire alarm system.

Effective date: January 2017

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction in local jurisdictions that have adopted IRC standards.

San Antonio:

Single- and multi-family dwellings that are rented out by a third party must ensure all units are equipped with smoke alarms, CO alarms, and fire extinguishers. Owners must also post an emergency escape plan conspicuously within the unit.

Effective date: February 2019


Vermont                    

Smoke alarms with sealed 10-year batteries are required in apartment and condominium buildings before before January 1, 1994.

Effective date: January 2017

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction in local jurisdictions that have adopted IRC standards.


Wisconsin               

Wisconsin Commercial Building Code requires the installation of 10-year sealed battery smoke alarms or hard-wired smoke alarms with battery backup in new and existing multi-family dwellings that do not exceed 60 feet in height or six stories and consist of three or more attached dwelling units.

Effective date: September 2011

Madison and Milwaukee:

All smoke alarms that use batteries as their primary power source in residential buildings must be replaced with those that include non-replaceable, non-removable 10-year batteries.

Effective date: August 2010 (Madison); June 2013 (Milwaukee)

Smoke

Smoke alarms are generally required in residential settings. Hard-wired smoke alarms are required in all new construction in local jurisdictions that have adopted IRC standards.


DISCLAIMER: The information provided herein is BRK Brands, Inc.'s summary interpretation. It is only intended to be used as general reference material. It is neither authoritative nor intended to take the place of either the written law or applicable regulations. This should not be construed as an attempt to offer or render legal advice, a legal opinion, or otherwise engage in the practice of law. Check with your state and local authorities for complete information.